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Debating species vs. ecosystems

This semester I am having my students in my graduate seminar in conservation biology debate the following question: Are species or ecosystems the appropriate scale for conservation.  While I suspect ahead of time the answer is going to be “yes” I’m curious to see what students come up with.  As part of their assignment I had students choose a paper to help them think about the topic. I am creating this page as a way to help curate this literature.


Selected papers:

Adams, William M., et al. “Biodiversity conservation and the eradication of poverty.” Science 306.5699 (2004): 1146-1149.
Barua, Maan, Jatin Tamuly, and Riyaz Akhtar Ahmed. “Mutiny or clear sailing? Examining the role of the Asian elephant as a flagship species.Human Dimensions of Wildlife 15.2 (2010): 145-160.
Clark, J. Alan, and Erik Harvey. “ASSESSING MULTI‐SPECIES RECOVERY PLANS UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT.” Ecological Applications 12.3 (2002): 655-662.
Crouse, Deborah T., Larry B. Crowder, and Hal Caswell. “A stage‐based population model for loggerhead sea turtles and implications for conservation.” Ecology 68.5 (1987): 1412-1423.
Franklin, Jerry F. “Preserving biodiversity: species, ecosystems, or landscapes?.Ecological applications 3.2 (1993): 202-205.
Harvey, Celia A., et al. “Integrating agricultural landscapes with biodiversity conservation in the Mesoamerican hotspot.Conservation biology 22.1 (2008): 8-15.
Jepson, Paul, and Maan Barua. “A theory of flagship species action.Conservation and Society 13.1 (2015): 95.
Lindenmayer, D. B., et al. “The focal‐species approach and landscape restoration: a critique.” Conservation biology 16.2 (2002): 338-345.
Poiani, Karen A., et al. “Biodiversity conservation at multiple scales: functional sites, landscapes, and networks.” BioScience 50.2 (2000): 133-146.
Sergio, Fabrizio, et al. “Ecologically justified charisma: preservation of top predators delivers biodiversity conservation.” Journal of Applied Ecology 43.6 (2006): 1049-1055.
Sterling, Eleanor J., Andrés Gómez, and Ana L. Porzecanski. “A systemic view of biodiversity and its conservation: processes, interrelationships, and human culture.” Bioessays 32.12 (2010): 1090-1098.
Watson, James, David Freudenberger, and David Paull. “An Assessment of the Focal‐Species Approach for Conserving Birds in Variegated Landscapes in Southeastern Australia.Conservation Biology 15.5 (2001): 1364-1373.
I’ll report back to see what the students have come up with…..
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